Heart rot disease is a sort of fungus that destroys mature trees and creates rot in the tree’s branches and trunks. The fungus attacks then annihilate a tree’s structure. In time, this makes the tree a safety threat. The damage can at first be undetectable from the outside of the tree. However, you can identify diseased trees by the fruiting bodies on the outer part of the bark.
What is Heart Rot Disease?
All hardwood trees are predisposed to variations of fungal infections referred to as heart rot tree disease. The fungi produce the “heartwood” in the middle of these trees’ branches or trunks to decay.
The fungi producing heart rot can infect practically any tree. However, weak, stressed, and old trees are the most vulnerable.
The fungi damage the tree’s hemicellulose, cellulose, and lignin, causing the tree to fall probably. At first, you might not be able to detect if your tree has heart rot because the decay is on the inside.
Though, if you can see inside the trunk due to an injury or cut to the bark, you might see a rotted spot. Some heart rot types produce fruiting bodies that appear similar to mushrooms, developing on the outside of a tree. These structures are called brackets or conks. Contact an arborist to examine your trees if you suspect they’re infected.
You can see them around the root crown or a cut in the tree bark. Some are yearly and only come out with the first rain. Others add a new layer every year.
Bacterial Heart Rot
The fungi that create heart rot tree disease are usually put into three categories: soft rot, white rot, and brown rot.
Brown rot is typically the most severe and creates the rotten wood that dries and breaks into cubes. White rot is less severe, and the rotted wood is spongy and moist.
Soft rot is due to bacteria and fungus, developing a condition known as bacterial heart rot. Bacterial heart rot advances slowly and creates the least amount of structural harm in trees. Though they do create decay in lignin, hemicellulose, and cellulose in affected trees, the rot doesn’t spread far or fast.
Black canker disease can severely mar trees, particularly willows. Keep reading to learn how to keep your tree healthy and what to do about treating black canker on your willow tree.
What is Black Canker?
Black canker is produced by a fungus called Glomerella miyabeana. In willows, it’s frequently accompanied by a scab. Leaves that get unevenly shaped spots are an early sign that a tree could be suffering from black canker. The spots emerge in early summer or late spring. However, your tree can appear normal. Tree owners don’t even see the problem at this point, even though infested leaves can dry up.
Cankers develop at the point where, as the disease advances, you’ll see cankers where the twigs connect to branches and stems. Cankers can ultimately develop on the main trunk or stem. In the autumn, wounds leak out a pink, velvet-looking, sticky substance that has spores. The spores are moved to various tree parts and nearby trees by insects.
The natural resistance of the tree determines the size of the canker. The first year, the canker could be just an inch in diameter on resistant trees or over three inches on predominantly susceptible trees. Every year, the spaces of dead bark around the cankers get bigger. But, the disease won’t kill the tree unless many cankers come together to encircle the trunk entirely.
Black Canker Treatment
Black canker treatment includes spraying with fungicides and tree pruning. You can’t cure current cankers with fungicide. However, you might be able to stop reinfections. Treat neighboring trees too to prevent them from getting infected. Spraying should be cautiously timed. Consult a Rochester arborist for suggestions on the best time to spray for black canker on trees in your community.
Cutting away infested branches and twigs is a critical part of treating black canker disease. Your objective is to get rid of all diseased twigs and leaves. You want to be inspecting for shriveled leaves on dark-colored twigs. When black canker infects a twig, it will have a hook or droop shape at the tip.
You can attempt to treat this disease on your own. Though, to be sure that you are removing all of the infested branches, leaves, and twigs, so it doesn’t kill your other plants, it’s best to let a professional tree care company do the job for you.
Trees are a valuable asset that makes your property more beautiful. They offer protection from the wind, pleasant view, and shade. While trees are typically resilient and sturdy, diseases and insects can deliver permanent destruction if left unnoticed.
Presently, a satin moth damages trees and is a serious threat. However, it’s a threat that can be prevented and treated with the right care.
The satin moth is a frequent insect in the area and typically isn’t a big issue. They feed on Poplar trees, even though they can be seen on oak and willow trees too. They can quickly destroy a tree when they are feeding.
Satin Moth Causes
Most mature healthy trees can deal with an assault by satin moths with no ill effects. However, specific environmental and climatic conditions are favorable to the pests. This indicates that they’re even more widespread than previously thought. The population of moths has rapidly grown.
The issue is that even though a healthy tree can sustain an attack from a satin moth, repeat exposure can create so much harm that the tree can't mend.
What to Do
Some steps can be taken to stop more damage from occurring. Another effective way of fighting the issue is pressure washing of the tree. This blows the eggs and larvae out of the tree. If you find that your tree has been infested, your local tree care service can visit and take care of this problem for you.
Another solution is to put sticky bands on the trunk. This aids in trapping the caterpillars as travel all over the tree to feed.
Satin Moths Detection
You can identify satin moths by the white and black bands on their legs. The caterpillars are light brown to light gray with a dark head and yellow or white markings all along their backs. Eggs are laid on leaves and can be seen around the trunk and on the ground.
For more information on treating trees and stopping damage, call a Rochester arborist. Don’t forget that satin moths can create permanent damage and even kill your trees.
As the weather gets warmer, ticks begin to show up on pets, in outdoor spaces, and even on humans. Sadly, they're not just annoying bugs. Ticks carry Lyme disease as well as other viruses and assorted bacteria types. A tick bite can make you very ill. Below is what you need to know about ticks, where they live and what you can do to not getting bitten.
Where the Ticks Are
Ticks love moist, humid areas. They are in gardens grassy fields, and woodlands. They can attach to a branch, pet fur, or a blade of grass. Also, ticks can connect to your shoes, hair, and clothing. Even worse, ticks can stick to the skin of an animal or human, feasting on their blood.
Stop Tick Bites
If you're going on a stroll through some woodlands or even walking down the road next to the woods, you should wear clothes that protect and cover your skin. For example, tuck your pants legs into your boots so ticks can go up your legs. Wear a hat or baseball hat to ticks don’t get into your hair and on your scalp. Protect your arms by wearing a long-sleeve shirt. Also, there are numerous sprays that you can use on your skin to repel ticks.
Ticks can conceal in numerous spots on your body. When you come home from a walk or time outdoors in a wooded area, look at your feet, legs, and arms. Have a loved one check your scalp and hair for ticks. Luckily, there is a way to eliminate ticks on your skin carefully. Shower and change your clothing when you come back from a walk and don’t forget to wash your dirty clothes in hot water to destroy any ticks you can’t see.
Eliminate the Ticks in Your Outdoor Space
Ticks love to hide under leaves, in tall grasses, and trees. One of the easiest ways to lessen the number of ticks in your outdoor space is to chop down large grass patches and get rid of tall weeds. If you need assistance contact a tree care professional.
Numerous factors can impair the growth of the maple tree. Below is some information on the different maple tree diseases. Maples are vulnerable to many illnesses brought on my fungus, insects, and pests.
Every one of these maple tree diseases develops based on climate conditions and soil. To avoid these diseases, maple tree planting must be performed with the right soil. Here’s a look at the various and most common diseases that usually distress maple trees.
Verticillium Wilt – Also known as maple wilt, this mold is a serious and common issue that can kill trees. This illness begins in the roots and works its way up the maple tree, causing dieback and cankers. Indications of maple wilt are diseased branches with sickly leaves and burnt-looking leaves. Sometimes, olive-colored streaks are discovered in the sapwood. This maple tree disease is considered the worst one because it can stay hidden in the soil years before it makes an appearance. Maple wilt gets into a tree through its roots.
Anthracnose – This disease causes shoot dieback twig death and extensive defoliation. Typically confused with frost damage, indicators of anthracnose are a canker on the trunk and main branches, purplish-brown spots along the veins of the leaves, and brown spots on leaves.
Tar Spot – This disease affects many maple species and creates tar-like, huge spots on the leaves.
Asian Long-horned Beetle – This insect harms the sapwood under the bark layer, stopping the tree from accurately transporting water and nutrients. Once a tree has Asian long-horned beetle disease, it will usually die within a year or two.
Other maple tree diseases and pests include:
Many of these maple tree diseases weaken a tree and brings about the death of a tree if not treated. If you believe there is an issue with your tree, contact a Rochester tree service company immediately for a tree assessment and treatment options.
A Rochester tree specialist can assist in protecting your trees and keeping them disease-free, making your outdoor space healthy and beautiful.
Rochester Tree Service wants to help you care for the trees on your property. Trees are valuable resources and we want to provide interesting information to you!